The US Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit has upheld a Florida law that restricts health care workers from discussing with patients about gun-related risks of death and injury. The Firearm Owners Privacy Act states that health care workers "should refrain" from asking patients about owning firearms and forbids them from entering information about a patient's firearm ownership in their medical records. FOPA came about because of anecdotal accounts of doctors discriminating against patients for failing to answer gun-related questions or not listening to doctor's guidance on gun safety. The FOPA now explicitly prohibits such discrimination. Violations of FOPA can result in disciplinary actions such as fines or even license revocation. The law was challenged and ruled as a violation of free speech, which ruling was appealed and overturned, which decision was then appealed and resulted in the recent ruling upholding the law and concluding that gun owners' privacy rights outweigh health care workers' free speech rights.